This work was made possible thanks to the good cooperation and harmony between the project partners: ACRI-ST, GIEFS (Groupement International d’Etudes des Forêts Sud-européennes), IPP-CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante) and ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development).

Dr Pierre SICARD

Project manager

“FO3REST, with an important European plus-value”, is an original attempt to better link ozone concentrations with ozone absorption and real damage levels in the field…Most experiments have been performed under controlled conditions not representative of actual field conditions and the results may not provide realistic results...”

PhD in Atmospheric chemistry

He is responsible for the French Riviera air quality pilot in European projects. He works on air quality impacts on human health and ecosystems, particularly, on the annual and seasonal trends for ambient ozone concentration and its impact on forest vegetation.




IPP provides scientific knowledge for modelling ozone fluxes and correlating impacts with ozone standards (exposure and flux based) either modeled or measured.

“This project will provide innovative knowledge for setting scientifically sound standards for protecting forests against ozone pollution. This will be the first time that modeling and measurements of ozone fluxes are translated into real-world Mediterranean forest impacts in terms of growth and visible injury”

Elena Paoletti is senior scientist at IPP-CNR.

She is a forest ecophysiologist and works in particular with the impacts of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems. She coordinates the IUFRO Research Group 7.01.00 "Impacts of Air Pollution and Climate Change on Forest Ecosystems" and the SISEF Working Group "Pollution and Forests". She is Secretary of SISEF. Invited speaker or chairperson at several scientific meetings, she was member of the organizing/scientific committee of 28 meetings. Reviewer of project proposals, journal manuscripts and reports, she is member of the Editorial Board of the journals Forest@, iForest, and Environmental Pollution. Principal investigator in 15 scientific projects and Chair of the COST Action FP0903 "Climate Change and Forest Mitigation and Adaptation in a Polluted Environment", she is author of more than 170 papers.




GIEFS is in charge of the ozone impacts on ecosystems and biodiversity.

“This project will allow the ozone uptake, the quantity of ozone, really absorbed by plants, and its impacts on the most Mediterranean tree species. It benefits from a close collaboration between Italian and French research's teams, experts in this domain for over twenty years. The implemented activities will enable a better adaptation of forest management in agreement with the problem of global warming and air pollution by ozone...”

PhD in forest ecology



Laurence Dalstein-Richier is scientist at GIEFS and she is a forest ecology expert. Its researches are axed in various actions: plant responses to environmental stress and plant pathogens, acid rain and air quality. GIEFS realizes a follow-up of ozone effects at forest experimental plots (RENECOFOR) of the National Office of Forests (ONF). Regularly, macroscopic observations, samplers and microscopic analyses are made in order to confirm observed symptoms of ozone action on forests.

 Alessandra De Marco

ENEA provides scientific support for modelling ozone fluxes and collaborates with IPP in applying geostatistics for deriving maps of ozone risk indicators and analyzing the best criteria and thresholds.

“The project is an opportunity to infer an evaluation of the stomatal flux model conducted under “Mediterranean style and will expand the sets of site-specific biological, climatic, soil and O3 as well as vegetation damage data, so that flux approaches may be validated. An innovative geostatistical approach, as a validation tools, will evaluate present and proposed standards and thresholds for mediterranean tree species…”

Degree in Biology, major in Biotechnology Applications

She is delegate for Italian Environmental Ministry in the Task Forces on Modelling and Mapping, ICP Vegetation and Reactive Nitrogen, for the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). She is a biologist and works in particular with the impacts of air pollution and climate change on ecosystems and on the application of the RAINS/GAINS Model to Italy.





This work was made possible by the technical support and contribution of the below staff by offering access to French RENECOFOR and Italian CONECOFOR network sites, by providing all necessary information, technical support and expertise to help in the FO3REST project realization.

Grand Site Sainte-Victoire :

SDIS 83 :

Parc National du Mercantour:

Office National des Forêts:

Corpo Forestale dello Stato:

Istituto per le Piante da Legno e l’Ambiente :

Joint Research Centre - Institute for Environment and Sustainability:

Italian Agricultural Research Council:


Dr Francesco Tagliaferro

Role: Expert in the ozone-induced damage assessment in the Piedmont region and data validation.

“The project is very important for the Piedmont region as in the past it has been observed the presence of ozone symptoms on the vegetation, widespread in all the territory. Climate change expected may worsen the alpine situation, so a better knowledge of the thresholds in our environment is essential. Italy should present to the UE evidence of the real impact of ozone on the Mediterranean vegetation”.

Graduate Doctor in Agricultural Sciences

Has been working for IPLA (Forest and Environment Institute) in the field of phytopathology and technical responsible of various national and international projects on forest decay, some of them on ozone like symptoms characterization. Actually is the responsible of the International projects service.



Dr Stanislaw Cieslik
JRC - Institute for Environment and Sustainability

Role: Provide scientific and technical support for the ozone fluxes measurements. Has expertise in micrometeorology and atmospheric chemistry

The Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is one of the seven scientific institutes of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC). Its mission is to provide scientific and technical support to EU policies for the protection of the European and global environment.



Dr Silvano Fares
CRA - Italian Agricultural Research Council

“In the current scenario of climate changes and air pollution, Mediterranean forests are dramatically exposed to high levels of tropospheric ozone. FO3REST represents a valuable strategy to help quantifying ozone absorption and its detrimental effects on plants. Innovative field experiments in the long-term monitoring sites will help pursuing the objective to elaborate new and realistic metrics for ozone-risk assessment”.

He has a PhD in Forest Ecology in the laboratories and field sites of National Research Council, Institute of Agro-Environmental and Forest Biology (CNR-IBAF, Rome, Italy). He is expert in plant ecophysiology, in particular in the analysis of fluxes of CO2 and trace gases between the biosphere and atmosphere in response to abiotic stress. He is expert for the micrometeorological techniques (eddy covariance) to investigate fluxes of CO2, H2O, ozone, volatile organic compounds (VOC) at ecosystem level using special sensors which include mass spectrometry.



Philippe Maigne
Grand Site Sainte-Victoire

Role: Plots location, forest expertise

“FO3REST will provide a contribution of information deeply helpful for sustainable forest management. Under changing climatic conditions, it is an asset for forestry, with the establishment of a list of ozone vulnerable tree species and a forest health assessment…”

Director - Grand Site Sainte-Victoire

The main missions of the “Grand Site Sainte-Victoire” are the forest management for fires prevention, the preservation of ecological wealth as well as natural and cultural heritage protection.



Dr Marcello Vitale
Sapienza University of Rome

Role: Provide scientific and technical support for the data analyses throughout statistical linear and non-linear approaches and for ozone stomatal fluxes modeling by process-based model.

“FO3REST will provide a very important contribution of information for the assessment of ozone-induced impact on Mediterranean forests, allowing thus to provide a base-stone for modeling of this impact under future climate change scenarios.”

Marcello Vitale is a terrestrial ecologist at Department of Environmental Biology – Sapienza University of Rome. He has been Scientific coordinator of the project concerning the climate change effects on the biodiversity in the Italian forests assessed by a new methodological approach based on the cellular automata, funded by Sapienza University of Rome. Research assistant in the European research project HEalth Risk from Environmental Pollution Levels in Urban Systems ( Hereplus) related to analysis and modelling of the ozone uptake and PM10 deposition in the urban green areas and subsequent health risk assessment, funded by the European Commission DG-Research, Coordination Action FP7. He is expert for primary productivity and water use modelling applied to plant species, climate change effects on plant distribution, atmospheric pollutants (nitrogen oxides, ozone, Volatile Organic compounds) and their effects on structural and physiological characteristics of plants, carbon cycle assessment for plant communities at different climate scenarios and their improved management.


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